Adult fruit flies are yellow-brown or brownish black in color and are 3 mm long and 2 mm wide. They have a round head, red compound eyes and short antennae. The female is slightly larger than the male whilst males have a greater amount of black pigmentation concentrated at the rear end of the abdomen. Larvae are maggot-shaped and creamy white and about 5 mm in length. Drosophila melanogaster has a single pair of wings as well as rudimentary wings that act as balancing organs.
Cultural control includes covering fruits with khaki papers and use of pheromone traps. Chemical control: Dimethoate, Imidacloprid 200 SC, Force Plus, Malathion 25 EC
Dimethoate 40 EC (Dimethoate 40%) - Classified red
Imidacloprid 200 SC (Imidacloprid 20%) - Classified green
Force Plus (Acetamiprid 100 gr/lt + Abamectin 20 gr/lt) - Classified green