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Gallant Soldier

Gallant Soldier is an annual herbaceous and erect plant, which can reach 80 cm in height. Its leaves are simple, alternate and the lower leaves have petioles. The leaf blades are oval to oblong with ...

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Weeds

  1. Annual timothy is an annual tufted weed, which can reach up to 1 m in height. Its stem is cylindrical in shape at seedling stage and at a later stage becomes flat. The inflorescence has green spikelets with long orange or reddish-brown bristles. It p...

  2. Couch grass is a perennial runner grass, which forms stolons and rhizomes underground. The runners spread horizontally and bear nodes with internodes of about 10 cm length. They may be flattened or cylindrical, mostly un-haired. Each node roots in th...

  3. Crab finger grass is an annual, herbaceous grass with leaf blades which are 5-15 cm long and 3-12 mm wide. It has green to purple leaf blades, which are silky on both sides with shiny hairs. The sheaths are green to reddish violet, with long blister-...

  4. Crowfoot is a tufted, stoloniferous annual grass, which can grow up to 0.75 m tall. The seed heads are typical bird's foot, which looks like a crow's foot, hence the name Egyptian crowfoot grass. It is found in arable and uncultivated areas, especial...

  5. Garden urochloa is a tufted annual grass, which grows to 0.6 m tall. Its leaves are loosely to densely hairy with tubercle-based hairs and blades up to 12 mm wide, expanded with light green thickened and crinkled margins. It tends to prefer damp pla...

  6. Natal red top is an annual erect weed, which grows up to 1.5 m tall and produces red flowers. The weed tolerates shallow, infertile, alkaline and neutral soils. Mechanical disturbance to the soil crust and fire both favors establishment of Natal re...

  7. Purple nutsedge is a perennial, herbaceous weed (sedge) with fibrous roots that typically grow from 7-40 cm tall and reproduce extensively by rhizomes and tubers. It has flattened and linear spikelets ranging in length from 10-30 mm long, and general...

  8. Rapoko grass also known as goose grass is an annual, tufted herbaceous grass, which can be erect to about 40 cm tall. It does not usually have roots at nodes and the root system is very well developed and strong. The inflorescence consists of 3-8 rac...

  9. Bur grass is an annual tufted, herbaceous weed that can reach heights of up to 1 m. The branches are spreading geniculately and often develop roots at the lesser nodes. It has glabrous (smooth) nodes, which are usually dark in color. The leaves are u...

  10. Jungle rice is an annual grass, which can grow up to 1 m tall with fibrous and rather shallow roots. It is tufted, stoloniferous with green to purple flowers. Seedlings have rolled leaves with pointed tips. The blades and sheaths are usually, but no...

  11. Shamva grass or Itch grass is an erect annual grass, which can grow to 4 m or more in height. The plant is stout, strongly tufted with a dark red base and frequently with aerial prop roots with 15-60 cm long and 0.5-2.5 cm broad leaves. Its inflores...

  12. Wild oat is an erect, tufted annual grass, which can grow up to 1.2 m. It has a typical oat appearance with an anti-clock wise direction leaf spiral. The leaves have dark green blades, up to 40 cm, with a membranous ligule 1-6 mm long and often irreg...

  13. Yellow nutsedge is an erect grass-like perennial sedge with shiny yellowish-green leaves, triangular stem, golden brown flowers, underground rhizomes and many nuts-like tubers. Yellow nutsedge is troublesome in the tropics, however it is most problem...

  14. Billygoat weed is an erect, branching and annual herbaceous plant with shallow fibrous roots. Depending on environmental conditions, it can grow up to 1.5 m tall. Its stems, which are cylindrical, may root at the base, and becomes strong and woody as...

  15. Black Jack is an annual herbaceous erect weed, which can grow up to 1.5 m tall. It has four sided deep purple stems with dark green opposite leaves and branches. The weed produces black-dark brown linear seeds, yellow barbed awns. Black Jack can usu...

  16. Black Nightshade is an annual or sometimes biennial herbaceous weed, which can reach up to 1.0 m in height. Its stems are cylindrical, green to purplish, but vary from prostrate or erect and are branched. The leaves are alternate, ovate and are carri...

  17. Creeping sorrel is a stem-less perennial weed with a tap-root, which reaches up to 6 cm long. It has 1-2 cm diameter bulbs, which are complex with two main types of scales which are referred to as membranous and true scales. Membranous scales are the...

  18. Upright Starbur is an annual erect herbaceous plant, which grows up to 90 cm tall. Its stems are covered in stiff hairs and leaves are in opposite pairs. Upright Starbur produces small and yellow flowers and a spiked fruit. The fruit consists of wed...

  19. Dwarf marigold is a delicate, branched annual herb. Its leaves are mostly pinnately dissected with filiform segments. It produces many yellow flowers on numerous erect stems, which becomes woody as it grows. Mostly found on disturbed lands. The plant...

  20. Fat hen is a green, erect, branched (occasionally un-branched) annual herbaceous plant, which is more or less coated with white mealy pubescence. The leaves are simple, alternate and stalkless with a white mealy covering. The weed is common in arable...

  21. Field bindweed is a climbing or creeping perennial herbaceous weed with slender twining (anti-clockwise) stems, which can reach up to 1.5 m long. It has a very deep root system on which shoots develop from the buds. The leaves alternate, petiolate, v...

  22. Gisekia is an annual or perennial herbaceous weed with erect red tinged stems, which can reach up to 50 cm tall. It is similar to Purslane with green stems, narrow elongated and fleshy leaves with distinct midrib. It produces pale to deep pink flower...

  23. Gallant Soldier is an annual herbaceous and erect plant, which can reach 80 cm in height. Its leaves are simple, alternate and the lower leaves have petioles. The leaf blades are oval to oblong with sharp apex. It bears yellow hermaphrodite flowers....

  24. Iron weed is an annual herbaceous weed, which can grow up to 60 cm tall. It has a woody stem, which is ribbed, hairy and leafy especially at flowering time. The weed reproduces from seeds.

  25. Mexican clover is a perennial (or possibly annual) herbaceous plant, which produces small white flowers with triangular lobes. It has a distinct groove which divides the leaf into two. The leaf is hair less and the plant is an indicator of low soil p...

  26. Mexican Marigold is an erect annual herbaceous woody plant, which can grow up to 2 m tall. The stems and branches are pale brownish and sometimes reddish in colour. Leaves occur in opposite pairs on the main stem and usually singly on the laterals. T...

  27. Mexican poppy is an annual herbaceous plant with erect stems up to 1.5 m tall. The plant is prickly, pale bluish-green in color and exudes an unpleasant-smelling yellow sap when cut. It has alternate leaves, without petioles. Mexican poppy produces ...

  28. Morning glory is a herbaceous annual climber, which can grow up to 3 m in height. It has cylindrical, slender and pilose or hairy stems with heart shaped leaves. The weed forms red-violet-blue or purple and or sometimes white flowers with a white cen...

  29. Painted euphorbia or Wild poinsettia is an erect herbaceous weed, 2 m tall. It secretes milky latex when plant parts are broken. Its stems are branched and cylindrical, with nodes at regular intervals and the surface is smooth and reddish-green. It h...

  30. Pigweed is an annual herbaceous plant with branched erect stems up to 20 m tall. The stems are thick and usually red ribbed. Pig weed produces numerous green flowers, which are crowded into finger-like spikes forming a long, dense terminal panicle, w...

  31. Purple garden sorrel is a stem-less perennial weed with a tap-root, which reach up to 6 cm depth. It has 1-2 cm diameter bulbs, which are complex with two main types of scales which are referred to as membranous and true scales. Membranous scales are...

  32. Spindle pod is an erect annual herbaceous plant which occurs in a wide variety of habitats. Its stems and leaves have glandular hairs. The leaves are simple and narrowly lanceolate. Spindle pod produces inflorescences with purple markings on the peta...

  33. Spiny sida is a small erect perennial shrub with copious branching from the base and can grow up to 1.5 m tall. When young, it is similar to stock rose but the leaves are more pointed and later on serrated. Its stems are more or less densely covered...

  34. Stock rose is an annual or biennial herbaceous erect weed, which can grow up to 1.5 m high and habitually, branched from the base. The weed has sharp and shortly tomentose stems. Occur mostly in disturbed lands. It aggressively competes for nutrients...

  35. Thorn apple or Stinkblaar is a smelling, bushy and erect annual herbaceous weed, which can grow up to 2 m tall. Its roots may be shallow and extensively branched, but in some soils a stout, branched peg-like taproot with extensive stringy lateral roo...

  36. Thorny pigweed or Spiny amaranth is an annual, herbaceous erect plant, which can grow up to 3 m tall. It has divergent spines on stems and branches. The striated, often reddish, stem with two sharp, long spines at the base of the petioles, and the fr...

  37. Vernonia is an erect annual herbaceous weed, which can reach up to 1 m tall. It is bushy and has reddish stems. The weed produces purple flowers. Mostly found on grassland and loam soils.

  38. Wild celery is an annual herbaceous plant with erect stems reaching up to 0.5 m maximum height. The stems are sometimes branched from the base with thread-like green leaves, spherical flowers. The leaves have 3 to 4-pinnate which are finely divided. ...

  39. Wild Cucumber is a climbing annual vine plant. The weed has long twisted vines, which tangle the leaves, stem and branches of crops. It has light green leaves, up to 14 cm wide, with 3-7 large pointed lobes. Wild cucumber characteristically can crea...

  40. Wild gooseberry is an erect annual herbaceous weed, which can reach heights of 2 m. The stems are hollow and usually glabrous (hairless) with tap roots. Its leaves are dark dull green, rounded (asymmetric) at the base and are usually unevenly toothed...

  41. Wild jute is an annual branched herbaceous plant, erect when young and growing up to 60 cm high (spread branches when old). Its leaves are oblong to lanceolate, up to 11 cm in length and are hairless or sparsely hairy on the veins, margins crenate-se...

  42. Alectra vogelii is an annual parasitic broadleaf weed of legume crops. It has hairy erect stems which can reach heights of 45 cm. Yellow flowers appear singly on a short stem in the axils of upper leaves or bracts. The Witchweed is constantly linked ...

  43. Striga asiatica is an obligate, annual herbaceous hemi-parasitic weed, which can normally reach 30 cm in height. Its stems and leaves are sparingly covered in scabrid hairs. The witchweed/ strains have different morphotypes with different flower colo...

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